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EMERGENT LIFE SCIENCES RESEARCH - Vol 9, Issue 1, Published on 30, June 2023

Pages: 54-60
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Identification of suitable coloured mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars for Bihar conditions

Author: Roopendra Kumar, Ravindra Kumar, Samik Sengupta, Suman Kumari, Ankur Kumar Rai, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta

Category: Research Article


An experiment was conducted on 15 coloured mango cultivars at Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bihar during the year 2020-2021 to identify suitable coloured mango cultivars for Bihar conditions. Arunika and Kingphon were found early in panicle emergence and anthesis while much delayed panicle emergence and anthesis were observed in Sabri. The maximum length of the panicle was measured in Kingphon (43.22 cm) whereas; the minimum was in Sabri (17.76 cm). The minimum flowering duration was recorded in Kent (9.20 days) with statistically at par value in Sensation, Osteen and Sabri. While the longest flowering duration was observed in Arunika (22 days). Maya was topped (86.50 %) in the list for the flowering intensity which was found statistically at par with Kensington (72.50 %). Maximum number of fruit set per panicle was counted in Tommy Atkins (21.10) which was statistically at par with Sensation (20.60). Early fruit maturity and the highest number of fruits per plant at the maturity stage were found in Pusa Pratibha. The highest fruit weight, volume, pulp percentages and pulp/stone ratio were observed in Osteen (505.71 g, 500.05 ml, 73.40% and 6.98 respectively) followed by Lily. Pusa Pitambar yielded the highest number of fruits per m3 canopy volume (2.34) with statistically at par results in Kent (1.77). The maximum TSS/Acid blend was assessed in Sensation (99.25). The total sugar content (16.48%) was found in Pusa Pratibha which was statistically at par with Pusa Surya (15.90%) and Sabri (15.47%). The total carotenoid content was estimated at maximum in Pusa Pitambar (7.19 mg 100-1 g FW). In Ambika, the highest ascorbic acid was estimated (55.00 mg 100-1 g pulp). The cultivars like Pusa Shrestha, Pusa Pratibha, Pusa Surya, Lily, Ambika and Arunika had shown delightful colour with higher yields, especially in Pusa Pitambar.

Keywords: canopy volume, coloured varieties, flowering intensity, mango, yield